Index locorum in CroALa

Digital commenting on place names in early modern Latin texts

Neven Jovanović (neven.jovanovic@ffzg.hr) and Alex Simrell
University of Zagreb
Leipzig, 11-13 January 2017

This page: croala.ffzg.unizg.hr/croala-index-locorum-global/
Repository: github.com/nevenjovanovic/croala-pelagios

The Plan

From a name to structured comments

From a comment to names

Conclusion: from combinations to knowledge

From a name to comments

Roma

urn:cts:croala:crije01.croala789994.croala-lat2w:body1.div5.div4.p6.s1.w10

Cite Architecture

Neel Smith and Christopher Blackwell (2006, ongoing)
cite-architecture.github.io

Each text segment and each annotation have their own, structured
Uniform Resource Name

Roma

urn:cts:croala:crije01.croala789994.croala-lat2w:body1.div5.div4.p6.s1.w10

Roma

urn:cts:croala:crije01.croala789994.croala-lat2w:body1.div5.div4.p6.s1.w10

From a comment to names

urn:cite:croala:loci.aetas09901

urn:cite:croala:loci.aetas09901

urn:cite:croala:loci.aetas09901

Conclusions and questions

What have we done?

We have set out to annotate place names in selected Croatian Latin texts from the Renaissance.
These texts use named entities from antiquity to denote places in later periods as well.

Our comments qualify the placeness (certainty)
of place names,
describe their linguistic form,
link the words to things (real or imaginary places),
and locate the things in time (which is culturally determined, and which can be real or imaginary too).

We were able to put it all together by connecting annotations to text segments via URNs.
We used the CITE Architecture as a blueprint for our infrastructure.

What do we need?

Theory

Special cases

Multi-word expressions denoting places may present different conceptual challenges:
Alba Regia, Asia Minor, Scythia Asiatica, urbes Asiae
(see the wiki)

Special cases

Names do not always match places in geological space: the Spanish Empire is coterminous neither with "Spain", nor with the Iberian Peninsula;
names are dependent on time (they are cultural constructs)

Special cases

Both space and time can be real or imaginary or both (imaginary space: the Underworld;
imaginary time: mythical ages),
and all combinations in the matrix may occur in a text

These problems are interesting!

Practice

Resources

Which (knowledge) resources are missing:
for fiction?
for the Early Modern period?
for regional history?

Platforms

Which (existing) platform can support our annotation process, minimizing the technical complexity of the process, so that the annotators can concentrate on texts and contexts?

Recogito?

recogito.pelagios.org

Plokamos?

Plugin for the Nemo text browser at cts.perseids.org

XY?